For the New Zealand politician, see James Mackintosh (politician).
Not to be confused with James McIntosh (disambiguation), Jamie Mackintosh, or Robert James Mackintosh.

Sir James Mackintosh

Sir James Mackintosh
—by Sir Thomas Lawrence.

Born
(1765-10-24)24 October 1765
Aldourie, Inverness-shire

Died
30 May 1832(1832-05-30) (aged 66)

Citizenship
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland

Occupation
Political philosopher and politician

Political party
Whig

Sir James Mackintosh (24 October 1765 – 30 May 1832) was a Scottish jurist, Whig politician and historian. His studies and sympathies embraced many interests. He was trained as a doctor and barrister, and worked also as a journalist, judge, administrator, professor, philosopher and politician.

Contents

1 Early life
2 Marriages and children
3 French Revolution
4 Lawyer
5 Judge of Bombay
6 Member of Parliament
7 Professor
8 History of the Revolution in England in 1688
9 Death
10 Legacy
11 Works
12 Notes
13 References
14 Further reading
15 External links

Early life[edit]
Mackintosh was born at Aldourie, 7 miles from Inverness. Both his parents were from old Highland families. His mother died while he was a child, and his father was frequently abroad, so he was brought up by his grandmother, and then schooled at Fortrose Seminary academy. At age thirteen he proclaimed himself a Whig, and during playtime he persuaded his friends to join him in debates modelled on those of the House of Commons.[1]
He went in 1780 to King’s College, University of Aberdeen, where he made a lifelong friend of Robert Hall, later a famous preacher. In 1784 he began to study medicine at Edinburgh University. He participated to the full in the intellectual ferment, became friendly with Benjamin Constant, but did not quite neglect his medical studies, and took his degree in 1787.
In 1788 Mackintosh moved to London, then agitated by the trial of Warren Hastings and the first lapse into insanity of George III. He was much more interested in these and other political events than in his professional prospects.
Marriages and children[edit]
In 1789 he married Catherine Stuart, whose brother Daniel later edited the Morning Post. His wife’s prudence counteracted Mackintosh’s own unpractical temperament, and his efforts in journalism became fairly profitable. They had a son, who died in infancy, and three daughters:

Mary Mackintosh (1789–1876) married Claudius James Rich
Maitland Mackintosh (1792–1861), m